A couple may come across infertility issues when they are not able to conceive despite having unprotected sex for a period of six months or more. The cause of the problem may lie in the man, the woman or both the partners, and the couple needs to consult a fertility specialist to come to know about the exact hindrance in pregnancy. Once the cause of infertility is determines, the problem can be treated accordingly. Modern medicine has brought around revolutionary techniques to tackle infertility issues in both men and women, and one of these treatments can be used to treat the couple.
Common causes and treatments for infertility in men and women
While a couple may not have been able to conceive for some time, it is not necessary that the problem is always a serious one. Sometimes, the underlying cause could be as simple as not having sex enough times, using a lubricant or consuming too much tobacco or alcohol. In such a case, the specialist can recommend treatments as simple as having more sex, abstaining from the use of lubricant and avoiding alcohol and tobacco. Stress is becoming one of the most common lifestyle problems leading to infertility. The man as well as woman can try to do away with stress and get relief from fertility related problems.
More Complex Infertility Treatments for Men and Women
A couple may come across more complex infertility issues if they are dealing with issues like low sperm count and quality, absence of egg formation or eggs are of poor quality, blocked fallopian tubes, or some unknown causes. In such cases, fertility specialists can suggest different techniques depending upon the condition of the patients. Some of these are listed as follows:
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the most widely used fertility techniques, in which embryos are created in a laboratory by bringing together sperms and eggs and combining them. Once healthy embryos are formed, they are implanted in the uterus of the woman so that they can develop further and pregnancy may continue.
Intracytplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a technique used in cases of male infertility, as caused by low sperm count or lack of motility. During this process, the mature egg is injected directly with a single sperm, so that an embryo is formed and later it is implanted in the uterus.
Intrauterine insemination or artificial insemination is the technique which involves deposition of sperms in the uterus of a woman with the help of a catheter.
When the woman’s menstrual cycle is not regular, she will need to have it rectified with the help of hormonal therapy so that she can get pregnant the natural way. This therapy is also used in IVF and IUI to stimulate production of eggs and increase the success rate of these treatments.
In some cases, when women are not producing healthy eggs and men are not producing healthy sperms, they have to rely on egg or sperm donation techniques to achieve pregnancy.
When a woman’s womb is not equipped to nurture a baby, surrogacy can become the only way out for having a baby. Here, an embryo is prepared by IVF and is placed in the womb of a surrogate mother/surrogacy clinics who carries the baby for the entire pregnancy period.
In addition to these scientific techniques, couples may also try out some alternative therapies, which sometimes yield results and cost less and also take less time.