First aid techniques can go a long way in making the difference between life and death, but this applies only when you do it properly. Stopping bleeding and cleaning the wounds might not seem like big issues, but if done wrongly in more serious situations like choking or heart attack, first aid can actually do more harm than good. Therefore, it is essential t o known about the facts and myths related to various first aid techniques:
Here are 10 interesting first aid facts and myths
1. Heavy Bleeding
When a person is bleeding heavily, it is advisable to slow it down by padding with several layers of gauze pads and seek medical help immediately. The myth about such an injury is to reduce bleeding by application of tourniquet over the area as it can actually stop the blood flow to the area and if things get too bad, amputation comes up as the last resort.
When you come across a choking case, you need to be calm and assess the situation and take action accordingly. As the myth goes, Heimlich maneuver has to be applied in all choking cases, but this is not essential as cases with partial choking can be handled otherwise. If the victim is conscious and can talk, he can be helped to remove the blockage in the respiratory tract, by simply having him cough vigorously.
3. Burn injury
The interesting fact about burn injuries is that it should be washed with cold water followed by application of antibiotic cream over the burn area. On the other hand, application of butter or petroleum jelly is a myth related to burn injuries, which will in reality increase the pain and burning sensation by entrapping the heat in the skin. For patients with third degree burns and severe blisters, medical attention is absolutely required at once.
4. Snake bites
The prior belief about first aid of snake bites was that it should be cut with a knife and the venom affected blood should be sucked and spitted out by the person giving first aid, along with tying a tourniquet over the wound. But, in fact, the bite should be left alone and medical help should be sought immediately, because doing so can actually endanger the life of the rescuer as he may absorb the poison in the blood through his tongue. Also, tying of tourniquet over the bit should be discouraged because it can cause permanent damage to the body parts.
5. Nose Bleeding
The first aid technique for bleeding nose should be pinching the nose rather than tilting the head back to get relief. Most of the time, nose bleeding is not a serious issue but in case it gets prolonged, medical consultation becomes essential and leaning backward can actually aggravate the bleeding rather than slowing it down.
The fact about giving first aid to a seizure victim is not to put anything in his mouth, as opposed to the popular belief that he should be made to bite a spoon to save him from biting his tongue. Doing so can actually cause bigger problems as a person may choke or break his teeth. Avoid touching the patient and get medical help as soon as you can.
7. Sprained ankle
Though application of hot compress was regarded as a conventional first aid remedy for sprained ankle, the technique has proved to be a fallacy now as it can actually cause severe inflammation. You need to make use of cold compress for lasting relief from the pain and inflammation.
8. Road Accident
For serious road accidents involving spinal injuries, it is better to leave the victim untouched as moving them can lead to paralysis and even death, in case of serious injuries. Moving the victim from the accident site is a fallacy, until and unless there is a threat of immediate fire in the area. So one should make effort to get paramedics to the spot at the earliest, and not try out shifting the victim.
An important first aid fact about blisters is that they should be left to heal themselves rather than bursting them open, as the latter can expose the skin to dangerous infections and also slow down the healing process.
The fever fact is that a tepid sponge bath is effective for lowering the body temperature, and in case, over the counter medicines fail to help, a doctor is to be consulted for proper diagnosis and treatment. The myth about treating fever with first aid was to bring it down with an alcohol sponge.
Awareness of all these myths will help you avoid these means to treat problems and make use of the right ways of providing them. Get in touch Green Cross Training for more details.