Bruises refer to the pink, blue or purple marks on the skin which become visible when you suffer a blow or bump at any part of your body. While some people are more susceptible to developing bruises, they are generally not serious and are a result of leakage of blood from the small capillaries under the skin and seeping into the surrounding the tissues. The color of bruise starts as pink or red and gradually changes to blue or purple as it heals naturally, taking a period of about two weeks for the entire healing process. Bruising, can however be serious and can point to something as serious as bleeding disorder and leukemia. In some other cases, deficiency of vitamin C and K, anemia and use of some medications can be the reasons of bruising. Healing of bruises is a natural process but it can be speeded up with some simple home remedies that also reduce pain, swelling and redness.
Here is a list of top 10 best home remedies for bruises:
10. Vitamin K
Increase the intake of foods rich in vitamin K as the deficiency of this nutrient is a key cause of bruising. Such foods include broccoli and Brussels sprouts as these improve the ability of blood clotting.
9. Vitamin C
Similarly, consumption of a diet rich in vitamin C as well as its supplements is another way to heal the bruises as it imparts strength to the capillaries and helps them resist leakage.
Another widely trusted home remedy for bruises is a compress of comfrey tea, used initially in the cold form and later in warm form. A tablespoon of dried comfrey is steeped in a cup of water for about 15 minutes to prepare this healing concoction.
A powerful enzyme found in pineapples, bromelain is effective for reducing the pain and inflammation related with bruises. Supplements of bromelain can be taken daily as a natural remedial measure for bruises.
6. Herbal Tea Compress
Herbal tea prepared by boiling lavender and chamomile flowers in a cup of water can be used as a cold compress over the bruise. Used several times a day, this herbal tea compress has a soothing impact on the bruise and reduces the swelling in the area.
5. Warm Compress
Another effective home remedy to combat the pain and inflammation caused by bruises is a warm compress, which can enhance blood circulation in the affected region and prevent blockage of blood there. You can either use a hot water bottle or an electric heating pad as a warm compress for a period of 20 minutes a few times a day.
4. Vinegar with warm water
Dip the bruised part in a mixture of vinegar and warm water and this will give you effective relief from the pain, discoloration and swelling. Vinegar has the ability to increase the flow of blood under the skin, which can be helpful in dissipating any blockage caused by leaked blood.
Next on the list of top 10 best home remedies for bruises is the herb called arnica, which prevents pain and inflammation by increasing blood circulation around the bruise. It can be used in the form of gel or tincture and rubbed over the bruised surface for effective and lasting relief.
2. Parsley Leaves
Crush some fresh leaves of parsley and place the crushed paste over the bruise, covering it with an elastic bandage and leaving it there for a day or two. It has been found that parsley can be useful for speeding up the healing of the bruise by doing away with pain and inflammation.
1. Ice Pack
Application of ice pack on the bruise as soon as possible is one of the best ways to ease up the pain and swelling as ice has the tendency to constrict the blood vessels and prevent leakage of blood to the surrounding tissues. If you do not have an ice pack handy, place a bag of frozen vegetables or a piece of cloth dipped in ice cold water over the affected area and let it be there for 15 minutes. Reapply the ice pack after another 20 minutes to alleviate the symptoms of bruising.
Avoid taking aspirin and ibuprofen for pain relief from bruising as they can cause thinning of blood and aggravate the problem. Rather, acetaminophen is a better option for the same. These simple home remedies are a better way to counter the problems related with bruising.